With increasing mass, stars change in size, luminosity, colour and fusion rate. Saturn is on the field at 19 yards from the goal line.
Model values at center of Sun: Central pressure: 2.477 x 10 11 bar Central temperature: 1.571 x 10 7 K Central density: 1.622 x 10 5 kg/m 3 Rotational and Orbital parameters Sun If you want another star-size comparison picture (and a lot of other interesting star data), check out this page from Indiana University. It is 1,287,000 times bigger than a solitary Earth. Earth is about the size of an average sunspot! Saturn's size on this scale: 1.47 mm. The Sun weighs about 333,000 times as much as Earth. It is so large that about 1,300,000 planet Earths can fit inside of it. The Sun's apparent size in our sky is 32 arc minutes (it is the biggest object in the sky - 1 arc minute larger than the moon).
One can compare the size of the Sun, Moon and Earth in more than one way, but comparing Mass and volume are probably the most informative.
You can compare them side by side or with the smaller object positioned on the surface of the larger one. Explain to students that an astronomical unit, or AU, is a simplified number used to describe a planet’s distance from the sun. Learn more on EarthSky. A star like our Sun with one solar mass is called a G star; it has a yellow colour and the fusion rate allows the star to live for around 10 billion years. Red supergiants dwarf the Sun. Discovery Chanel Of course, the best way to feel really, really, super small is to compare our sun to one of the largest stars ever observed: VY Canis Majoris. Below this answer … It is a unit of length equal to the average distance from Earth to sun, approximately 149,600,000 kilometers (92,957,000 miles). The Sun is about 16 times the diameter of Jupiter and more than 1000 times as massive. Jupiter's diameter is about equal to the thickness of a U.S quarter in our shrunken solar system. THE MASS OF THE SUN The Sun's mass is roughly 1.99 x 10 30 kg. A simple way to compare the sizes of our solar system's planets, the sun and the moon. Only Earth can be assigned AU 1. The ringed world is about 1,427,000,000 km (887,000,000 miles) from the Sun, or 9.5 AU. How Big is the Sun Compared to the Earth? Betelgeuse is also about 14,000 times brighter than the Sun. The sun and moon appear the same size in Earth's sky because the sun's diameter is about 400 times greater - but the sun is also about 400 times farther away. Arcturus is variously described on the Web as 16-28 times as wide as our sun (I'm not sure why the discrepancy), so the picture given below is at the upper end of that range. This is about 333,000 times the mass of the Earth. The Sun has a diameter of 1,392,000 km (865,000 miles) while the Earth’s diameter is only 12,742 km (7,918 miles). To put it simply, the Sun is as big as more than 1 million Earth masses put together.
How does the size of the Sun compare to the size of Jupiter?