Information about the United States space flight programs, including NASA missions and the astronauts who participate in the efforts to explore Earth s galaxy. In 1975 several notable events happened in spaceflight such as the launch to Mars of the Viking orbiter/landers missions, the joint Apollo–Soyuz Test Project, launch of satellite Aryabhatta, and the Venera 9 Venus mission.. Viking 1 was launched on 20 August 1975 and Viking 2 was launched 9 September 1975. —Harvard Independent Newsmagazine, February 12, 2004. The first space station in Earth orbit was the Soviet Salyut 1 station, which was launched in 1971. We will build new ships to carry man forward into the universe, to gain a new foothold on the moon, and to prepare for new journeys to worlds beyond our own. This mission marks his return to space after 33 years at age 77. Most considered this to be the winning key to the space race, though there is still much controversy of the actual moon landing. The first manned mission of the Space Transportation System (STS-1), Columbia, is launched. On January 5, 1972, President Richard Nixon announced the birth of the Space Shuttle program “designed to help transform the space frontier of the 1970s into familiar territory, easily accessible for human endeavor in the 1980s and '90s." Smaller space stations would have been launched into geostationary and lunar orbit during the mid-/late 1970s to support manned lunar exploration . Space Exploration-TV-1960s/1970s ... 1999 (1975-77)--The view of almost 21st Century space exploration from the 1970's! The 1970s witnessed co-operation in space research between these super powers. Not included are most earth science satellites, commercial satellites or manned missions . Princeton physicist Gerard K. O’Neill was the visionary behind the most ambitious of NASA's space colonies: the O’Neill Cylinder. These were possibly the signs of end of 'Cold War' between the two nations. Get this from a library! The ‘Salyut’ was Russia’s space station while USA named its station as ‘Skylab’. PUBLIC OPINION ABOUT SPACE EXPLORATION. During the 1960s and 1970s, NASA also launched a series of space probes called Mariner, which studied Venus, Mars, and Mercury. Space stations marked the next phase of space exploration. The Future Of Space Exploration During Exploration Mission-1, Orion will venture thousands of miles beyond the moon during an approximately three-week mission. Even though the Soviet Union had sent technological devices to the moon first, the United States had been the first to place humans on the moon in 1969. Space Shuttle Discovery begins mission STS-95, carrying veteran astronaut John H. Glenn. The 1970s witnessed co-operation in space research between these super powers.

3 External links. First satellites from each country are included. That proclamation by President John F. Kennedy before a joint session of Congress on May 25, 1961, set the stage for an astounding time in our nation's emerging space program. How will a country at war and in deficit pay for such things? The first space station in Earth orbit was the Soviet Salyut 1 station, which was launched in 1971. This mission, as well as the next three, will be a test flight to try out the spacecraft's systems. The ‘Salyut’ was Russia’s space station while USA named its station as ‘Skylab’. Space stations marked the next phase of space exploration. PUBLIC OPINION ABOUT SPACE EXPLORATION. —President George W. Bush, January 14, 2004.